Persian carpets

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The traditional and unique Persian carpets

 

A well know survey says that the first thing that come in mind when one thinks about a rug is the Persian Carpet. The art and culture of the Persian Empire (today's Iran) is reflected in Persian carpets. The history of Persia was documented in symbols that were then woven into the rugs, like hunting scenes, animal motifs, landscapes, war scenes and other stories around the surrounding areas of the former Persian Empire. Even back than in addition to the purpose of conditional use the carpet was already then tied for export and trade locally. The Persian carpets are true artistic masterpieces and also belong to the group of oriental rugs.

Noble materials and the knotting of the Persian carpet 

A Persian rug has always been aesthetic with its colors and variety of patterns. Not only this makes this carpet so special but also the refinement of materials such as the finest silk and high-quality wool, speak for it. The noble materials and the artful knotting style allow the hand-knotted Persian longevity.. Since silk and wool are fundamentally very sustainable, robust and easy to care for, it retains its appearance well over several decades. A Persian rug is also characterized by the number of knots. The higher the number of knots, the more elaborate and high in quality the Persian carpet is. The Persian carpets used to be knotted in various villages, provinces and nomadic tribes. Depending on the place of origin, the carpets were named. Each province has its own story. Depending on the place of manufacture, the color scheme and the motifs of the carpets also differ.

Short revision of the best known Persian carpets

Qom:

Between Tehran (capital of Iran) and Isfahan, lies the city of Ghom. In Ghom the high quality Persian carpet is knotted. The Ghom carpets are very detailed and fine knotted. In Ghom you will find pure silk carpets, as well as pure wool carpets or carpets that combine wool and silk. The motifs of the Ghom rug are very diverse. You can find various patterns in a Ghom rug, from animal motifs, ornaments, figure motifs to floral motifs.

Mud / Moud:

From the very old city of Mud or Moud, which is in the eastern part of Iran, comes the carpet Mud / Moud. The pattern of the Mud / Moud rug is usually the Herati pattern. Herat is a city in western Afghanistan. The pattern is made up of various floral and rhombus motifs and has a wide border.

Nain:

In central Iran lies the city of Nain. In Nain the popular Nain carpet is knotted. The eye-catcher of this Carpet is usually a medallion in its center combined with floral motifs. The Nain carpet is also often characterized by the high number of knots. Most Nain rugs have more than 1,000,000 knots per square meter and are classified in 3 levels. One speaks of "La", La means layer. Depending on which number is in front of the La, is the number of layers the thread has. At 2La, there are 2 string pairs.

Isfahan:

Isfahan is the neighboring town of Nain. It is a very beautiful city and has an outstanding architecture with many attractions. The then King Shah Abbas promoted the art and architecture of Isfahan. In the Isfahan rug, the asymmetric Senneh knot is used. The Isfahan rug is a high-quality, tightly knotted carpet, which is also very flat. In the Isfahan carpet you can sometimes also find figures in its design.